发布于 2021-11-14 / 609 阅读

Provision the Google Kubernetes Engine(GKE) with gcloud and access with kubectl

1 Introduction

GKE(Google Kubernetes Engine) is a k8s platform, we can use gcloud to create a GKE cluster. For GCP initiation, can go to: How to initiate the GCP project and use gcloud to access.

2 Create the GKE Cluster

2.1 Enable API

We need to enable the API before creating the GKE:

$ gcloud services enable
$ gcloud services enable

2.2 Create the Cluster

Check the machine type list and select what you want:

$ gcloud compute machine-types list | grep us-west

I select n1-standard-1 to save money. Use gcloud container clusters create to create cluster:

$ gcloud container clusters create pkslow-k8s \
--zone us-west1-a \
--cluster-version 1.20.10-gke.1600 \
--machine-type n1-standard-1

WARNING: Currently VPC-native is not the default mode during cluster creation. In the future, this will become the default mode and can be disabled using `--no-enable-ip-alias` flag. Use `--[no-]enable-ip-alias` flag to suppress this warning.
WARNING: Starting with version 1.18, clusters will have shielded GKE nodes by default.
WARNING: Your Pod address range (`--cluster-ipv4-cidr`) can accommodate at most 1008 node(s). 
WARNING: Starting with version 1.19, newly created clusters and node-pools will have COS_CONTAINERD as the default node image when no image type is specified.
Creating cluster pkslow-k8s in us-west1-a...done.                                                                                                                
Created [].
To inspect the contents of your cluster, go to:
kubeconfig entry generated for pkslow-k8s.
pkslow-k8s  us-west1-a  1.20.10-gke.1600  n1-standard-1  1.20.10-gke.1600  3          RUNNING

2.3 Check with commands

After created, check the version and nodes:

$ kubectl version
Client Version: version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"19", GitVersion:"v1.19.3", GitCommit:"1e11e4a2108024935ecfcb2912226cedeafd99df", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2020-10-14T12:50:19Z", GoVersion:"go1.15.2", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"darwin/amd64"}
Server Version: version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"20+", GitVersion:"v1.20.10-gke.1600", GitCommit:"ef8e9f64449d73f9824ff5838cea80e21ec6c127", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2021-09-06T09:24:20Z", GoVersion:"go1.15.15b5", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"linux/amd64"}

$ kubectl get node
NAME                                        STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-175c   Ready    <none>   59s   v1.20.10-gke.1600
gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-71l6   Ready    <none>   58s   v1.20.10-gke.1600
gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-9wn2   Ready    <none>   59s   v1.20.10-gke.1600

The gcloud command will help to add context for us:

$ kubectl config get-contexts
CURRENT   NAME                               CLUSTER                            AUTHINFO                           NAMESPACE
          docker-desktop                     docker-desktop                     docker-desktop                     
*         gke_pkslow_us-west1-a_pkslow-k8s   gke_pkslow_us-west1-a_pkslow-k8s   gke_pkslow_us-west1-a_pkslow-k8s 

If you have no right, try with below:

$ gcloud container clusters get-credentials pkslow-k8s --zone=us-west1-a

Check the Pods:

$ kubectl get pod -A
NAMESPACE     NAME                                                   READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-system   event-exporter-gke-67986489c8-2lvtj                    2/2     Running   0          4m14s
kube-system   fluentbit-gke-6xdgs                                    2/2     Running   0          3m59s
kube-system   fluentbit-gke-92swm                                    2/2     Running   0          3m58s
kube-system   fluentbit-gke-xrj9q                                    2/2     Running   0          3m59s
kube-system   gke-metrics-agent-9z2m2                                1/1     Running   0          3m59s
kube-system   gke-metrics-agent-f5kj2                                1/1     Running   0          3m59s
kube-system   gke-metrics-agent-jwsnk                                1/1     Running   0          3m58s
kube-system   konnectivity-agent-686dbcf84c-852jd                    1/1     Running   0          3m28s
kube-system   konnectivity-agent-686dbcf84c-sx8rk                    1/1     Running   0          4m9s
kube-system   konnectivity-agent-686dbcf84c-vz68j                    1/1     Running   0          3m29s
kube-system   konnectivity-agent-autoscaler-6cb774c9cc-j6s2t         1/1     Running   0          4m9s
kube-system   kube-dns-autoscaler-844c9d9448-t545t                   1/1     Running   0          4m9s
kube-system   kube-dns-b4f5c58c7-psxrv                               4/4     Running   0          4m10s
kube-system   kube-dns-b4f5c58c7-v7phb                               4/4     Running   0          3m34s
kube-system   kube-proxy-gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-175c   1/1     Running   0          2m34s
kube-system   kube-proxy-gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-71l6   1/1     Running   0          3m53s
kube-system   kube-proxy-gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-9wn2   1/1     Running   0          2m56s
kube-system   l7-default-backend-56cb9644f6-5qzsr                    1/1     Running   0          4m15s
kube-system   metrics-server-v0.3.6-9c5bbf784-xrksq                  2/2     Running   0          3m19s
kube-system   pdcsi-node-7d7gp                                       2/2     Running   0          3m58s
kube-system   pdcsi-node-cx4dp                                       2/2     Running   0          3m59s
kube-system   pdcsi-node-zz2hv                                       2/2     Running   0          3m59s

2.4 Check on the Console

We can visit the GCP console to check all the details:

We can check the Deployment, DaemonSet on console:

For more detail, we can check the CPU/Memory/Disk/Log:

3 Virtual Machines

To start the cluster, GCP would create the VMs as k8s Nodes:

We can list the VMs with gcloud:

$ gcloud compute instances list
NAME                                       ZONE        MACHINE_TYPE   PREEMPTIBLE  INTERNAL_IP  EXTERNAL_IP    STATUS
gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-175c  us-west1-a  n1-standard-1       RUNNING
gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-71l6  us-west1-a  n1-standard-1       RUNNING
gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-9wn2  us-west1-a  n1-standard-1       RUNNING

For troubleshooting, we can ssh to the VM:

$ gcloud compute ssh gke-pkslow-k8s-default-pool-4743a88e-175c --zone=us-west1-a

For logging, we can see all the log on console:

4 Delete the cluster

After we completed the lab, we can delete the cluster:

$ gcloud container clusters delete pkslow-k8s --zone us-west1-a


gcloud container

Provisioning Kubernetes clusters on GCP with Terraform and GKE